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    Goat vaccinations - How to vaccinate a goat

    Articlesmall holding guidesFriday 14 September 2012
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    As with all animals, caring for a large number of goats can be quite expensive. Goat vaccinations are a necessary part of farming but having to employ a vet to vaccinate the entire herd of goats can cost literally thousands of pounds. It is important then that a goat farmer knows how to give a goat a shot, both to save money and to be able to provide care to the animal. This guide outlines how to vaccinate a goat. 

     
    Administering goat vaccinations
     
    • The first thing to do before you give the goat the vaccination is to do some checks on the vaccine. Make sure it is the correct one and that the expiry date hasn’t passed.
       
    • Before carrying out the goat vaccinations and before you touch the syringe, wash your hands with antiseptic soap. Dip some cotton wool in alcohol and wipe off the top where you intend to stick the needle in. You have to be certain that this area is sterile.
       
    • Attach the needle to the syringe and make sure it is tightly secured. When removing the plastic cap, make sure you don’t touch the needle. Push the plunger down into the syringe and then insert into the rubber top of the vaccine vial. Turn it upside down.
       
    • Pull the plunger back out from the syringe to make pull the vaccine into it. When you vaccinate a goat, it is important to get the correct dosage so d this step slowly. To remove the syringe from the bottle, put them both on their side and gently pull it out. Check for air bubbles by holding the syringe vertically and tapping the side. The bubbles will rise to the top so gently push the plunger slightly to expel them.
     
    How to give a goat a shot
     
    • It is now time to administer the goat vaccination, secure the goat by tying a rope to the animal’s collar and having somebody else hold the goat still. A milking stand is an even better alternative to having someone hold her.
       
    • Clean the area where you will vaccinate the goat, this is usually the neck or the haunch. If the goat has less fat, use the haunch. Insert the needle at a 45 degree angle and check that you haven’t accidentally hit a vein. Do this by pulling back on the syringe slightly and seeing if there is blood in the top. If so, choose a different spot as some drugs must not be given into a vein.
       
    • Give the goat the shot by slowly pushing the plunger in until all of the syringe’s contents are gone. Pull straight back on the needle to remove and hold cotton wool on the area of the goat vaccination. The blood should clot very quickly.
       
    • You may notice that a small bump forms at the site of the goat vaccination. This is normal when you vaccinate a goat and is just their immune system reacting to the vaccine.
     
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